Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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2012 | April-June | Volume 6 | Issue 2

REVIEW ARTICLE

Hirokazu Tanaka, Miki Sato

4D Sonography in Assessment of Fetal Neurobehavior

[Year:2012] [Month:April-June] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:11] [Pages No:121 - 131]

Keywords: 4D sonography,Fetal neurobehavior,Intertwin contact,Intrapair stimulation,Singleton pregnancy,Twin pregnancy

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1234  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Hata T, Sato M, Kanenishi K, Hanaoka U, Tanaka H. 4D Sonography in Assessment of Fetal Neurobehavior. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(2):121-131.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Daniela Lebit, Simona Constantinescu

Ultrasound Assessment of Fetal Neurobehavior in High-risk Pregnancies

[Year:2012] [Month:April-June] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:16] [Pages No:132 - 147]

Keywords: Fetal behavior,KANET score,High-risk pregnancy,Ultrasound 4D

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1235  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objectives

Assessment of the fetal behavior in normal and high-risk pregnancy during second and third trimesters.

Materials and methods

The study group included 61 healthy pregnant women and 135 pregnant women with high-risk pregnancy between 24 and 38 weeks of gestation for a period of 3 years (January 2009-May 2011). After 4D ultrasound examination we applied antenatal neurological score KANET 1. Score is considered normal between 14 and 20, borderline between 6 and 13 and abnormal between 0 and 5.

Results

The Kurjak antenatal neurological test (KANET) scores have significant differences, when applied on the two groups of pregnant women. Most fetuses who obtained normal KANET score were found in normal pregnancies, those who obtained borderline score were fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) with increased resistance index (RI) of middle cerebral artery (ACM) and the most fetuses with abnormal KANET score came from pregnancies complicated by threatened preterm delivery with PPROM.

Conclusion

Dynamic evaluation of fetal behavior reflects directly the processes of maturation and development of the central nervous system. This can make the difference between normal and abnormal brain development and may be used for early diagnosis of neurological disorders that become manifest in perinatal and postnatal periods.

How to cite this article

Vladareanu R, Lebit D, Constantinescu S. Ultrasound Assessment of Fetal Neurobehavior in High-risk Pregnancies. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(2):132-147.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Ulrich Honemeyer

Prenatal Beginnings of Temperament Formation–Myth or Reality? Case Study of a Twin Pregnancy

[Year:2012] [Month:April-June] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:148 - 153]

Keywords: KANET,4D ultrasound,Fetal behavior,Fetal temperament

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1236  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Honemeyer U, Kurjak A. Prenatal Beginnings of Temperament Formation–Myth or Reality? Case Study of a Twin Pregnancy. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(2):148-153.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Wiku Andonotopo, Bernat Serra, Sofia Fournier, Sonia Baulies

4D Sonographic Assessment of Intertwin Contacts

[Year:2012] [Month:April-June] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:154 - 159]

Keywords: Fetal neurological development,Twins,4D,Fetal behavior

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1237  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

To assess the onset and frequency of first interfetal contacts by 4D sonography.

Subjects and methods

Twenty twin pregnancies were scanned transvaginally between 56 (8 weeks) and 69 postmenstrual days (9+6 weeks) and onward transabdominally, at weekly intervals until 112 postmenstrual days (16 weeks). Scans were recorded on DVD and analyzed retrospectively. The moment of onset, type and frequency of intertwin contacts were assessed.

Results

First interhuman contacts were observed between 61 (8+5 weeks) and 68 (9+5 weeks) postmenstrual days. The frequency of different movements varied according to the gestational age. ‘Touch no reaction’ and ‘First reaction’ were common and frequent from 70 postmenstrual days (10 weeks) onward. ‘Slow body movements’ were more common than ‘Fast body movements’. ‘Complex contacts’ were more frequent at 94 postmenstrual days (13+3 weeks). Simple contacts diminished around 100 postmenstrual days (14+2 weeks). ‘Complex contacts’ and ‘diffuse interactions’ were more commonly observed between 105 (15 weeks) and 112 postmenstrual days (16 weeks). No significant differences were found when different gender combinations were compared.

Conclusion

Intertwin contacts start as soon as 8+5 weeks of gestation and complex or diffuse interactions are already seen at 15 to 16 weeks of gestation.

How to cite this article

Prats P, Serra B, Fournier S, Baulies S, Andonotopo W, Kurjak A. 4D Sonographic Assessment of Intertwin Contacts. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(2):154-159.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Ulrich Honemeyer, Amira Talic

Effect of Maternal Fever on Fetal Behavior Assessed by KANET Test

[Year:2012] [Month:April-June] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:160 - 165]

Keywords: Fetal behavior,KANET scores,Maternal fever

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1238  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Talic A, Kurjak A, Honemeyer U. Effect of Maternal Fever on Fetal Behavior Assessed by KANET Test. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(2):160-165.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Ana Tikvica, Berivoj Miskovic, Maja Predojevic, Davor Ivankovic

KANET Test: Experience of Zagreb Group

[Year:2012] [Month:April-June] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:166 - 170]

Keywords: Fetal behavior,Four-dimensional ultrasound Prenatal assessment,Fetal central nervous system

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1239  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Miskovic B, Predojevic M, Stanojevic M, Tikvica A, Kurjak A, Ivankovic D, Vasilj O. KANET Test: Experience of Zagreb Group. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(2):166-170.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Kohei Shiota

Advances in the Study of Fetal Development: From Descriptive to Dynamic Embryology

[Year:2012] [Month:April-June] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:171 - 178]

Keywords: Human embryo,Human fetus,Imaging,visualization,Embryology,Clinical ultrasonography

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1240  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Shiota K. Advances in the Study of Fetal Development–From Descriptive to Dynamic Embryology. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(2):171-178.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Aida Salihagic-Kadic, Maja Predojevic

What We have Learned from Fetal Neurophysiology?

[Year:2012] [Month:April-June] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:10] [Pages No:179 - 188]

Keywords: Fetal brain,Fetal behavior,Neuromotor development,Neurosensory development

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1241  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

SalihagićKadić A, Predojevic M. What We have Learned from Fetal Neurophysiology? Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(2):179-188.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Milan Stanojevic

Neonatal Aspects: Is There Continuity?

[Year:2012] [Month:April-June] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:189 - 196]

Keywords: Neurobehavior,Fetus,Neonate,4D ultrasound,General movements

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1242  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Stanojevic M. Neonatal Aspects: Is There Continuity? Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(2):189-196.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Kallie Appleton

Role of Ultrasound in the Assessment of Postmenopausal Bleeding

[Year:2012] [Month:April-June] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:10] [Pages No:197 - 206]

Keywords: Postmenopausal bleeding,Ultrasonography,Color Doppler ultrasound,Saline infusion sonography,3D ultrasound,3D power Doppler ultrasound,Atrophic endometrium,Endometrial polyp,Endometrial hyperplasia,Endometrial carcinoma,Uterine leiomyosarcoma,Cervical carcinoma

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1243  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Appleton K, Plavsic SK. Role of Ultrasound in the Assessment of Postmenopausal Bleeding. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(2):197-206.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Nadah Zafar

Role of Ultrasound in the Evaluation of Acute Pelvic Pain in Nonpregnant Reproductive Age Patients

[Year:2012] [Month:April-June] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:11] [Pages No:207 - 217]

Keywords: Abdominal pain,Pelvic pain,Nonpregnant patients,Pelvic inflammatory disease,Adnexal torsion,Ovarian cyst,Appendicitis,Urolithiasis,Cystitis,Cholelithiasis,B-mode ultrasound,Color Doppler ultrasound

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1244  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Zafar N, Kupesic Plavsic S. Role of Ultrasound in the Evaluation of Acute Pelvic Pain in Nonpregnant Reproductive Age Patients. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(2):207-217.

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