Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2011 ) > List of Articles


Rational Use of TVS/Color and 3D in Evaluating Subfertile Women

Sakshi Tomar, Jai Prakash Rao, Narendra Malhotra

Keywords : Infertility,Transvaginal ultrasound,Color Doppler,Three-dimensional ultrasound,Power Doppler angiography

Citation Information : Tomar S, Rao JP, Malhotra N. Rational Use of TVS/Color and 3D in Evaluating Subfertile Women. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2011; 5 (3):273-287.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1204

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2011; The Author(s).


Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive a desired pregnancy after 12 months of unprotected intercourse and affects approximately 10% of married couples. With recent technological development and proper use of medically assisted reproduction techniques, one half of these couples will become pregnant.

More than any other new method, ultrasound has made significant improvements in the modern management of female infertility. Transvaginal sonography provides the reproductive endocrinologists with a tool that cannot only evaluate normal and stimulated cycles but also assist in follicle aspiration and subsequent transfer of the embryo. The addition of color Doppler capabilities to transvaginal probes permits visualization of small intraovarian and endometrial vessels, allowing depiction of normal and abnormal physiologic changes in the ovary and uterus. This article reviews on the assessment of ovarian, uterine and tubal causes of infertility and on the current and future role of color Doppler and three-dimensional ultrasound in the field of reproductive endocrinology.

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