Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2007 ) > List of Articles


Normal and Abnormal Early Pregnancy Assessed by 3D Sonography

Giovanni Centini, Lucia Rosignoli, Elisa Faldini, Gabriele Tonni

Citation Information : Centini G, Rosignoli L, Faldini E, Tonni G. Normal and Abnormal Early Pregnancy Assessed by 3D Sonography. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2007; 1 (1):1-18.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1081

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; The Author(s).


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  1. Three dimensional ultrasound with maximal mode rendering: a novel technique for the diagnosis of bilateral or unilateral absence or hypoplasia of nasal bones in second-trimester screening for Down syndrome. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Jan;25(1):19-24. 189(4):977-9.
  2. Doppler and 3D ultrasound in infertility-do they alter the outcome for the patient.? Ultrasound Ostetrics and Gynecology 2003;22(1):24.
  3. Maxillary lenght at 11 to 14 weeks gestation in fetuses with trisomy 21. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004 July;24(1):19-22.
  4. Likelihood ratio for trisomy 21 in fetuses with absent nasal bone at the 11-14 weeks scan. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004;23:218-23.
  5. Clinical utility of three-dimensional US. Radiographics. 2000 Mar-Apr;20(2):559-71.
  6. Three-dimensional ultrasound in the evaluation of fetal anomalies. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2000;Sep 16(4):321-8.
  7. Normal standards for fetal neurobehavioral developments-longitudinal quantification by four-dimensional sonography. J Perinat Med 2006;34:56-65.
  8. The antenatal development of fetal behavioral patterns assessed by four-dimensional sonography. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 2005;17(6):401-16.
  9. Structural and functional early human development assessed by three-dimensional (3D) and four-dimensional (4D) sonography. Fertil Steril 2005;84(5):1285-99.
  10. Behavioral pattern continuity from prenatal to postnatal life-a study by four-dimensional (4D) ultrasonography. J Perinat Med 2004;32:346-53.
  11. Fetal behavior assessed in all three trimesters of normal pregnancy by four-dimensional ultrasonography. Croat Med J 2005;46(5):722-80.
  12. The potential of four-dimensional (4D) ultrasonography in the assessment of fetal awareness. J Perinat Med 2005;33(1):46-53.
  13. Screening for chromosomal abnormalities at 10-14 weeks: the role of ductus venosus blood flow. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1998;12:380-4.
  14. Three-dimensional ultrasonography in prenatal diagnosis. J Perinat Med 1995;23(3):213-22.
  15. 2D and 3D Ultrasound in the evaluation of normal and abnormal fetal anatomy in the second and third trimesters in a level III center. Ultraschall Med. 2005 Feb; 26(1):9-16.
  16. Assessment of fetal anatomy in the first trimester using two- and three-dimensional ultrasound. Br J Radiol. 2002 Mar; 75(891):215-9.
  17. Nuchal translucency and other first trimester sonographic markers of chromosomal abnormalities. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;191:45-67.
  18. Nuchal translucency and other first-trimester sonographic markers of chromosomal abnormalities. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004 Jul;191(1):45-67.
  19. Assessment of the gap between the fetal nasal bone at 11 to 13+6 weeks of gestation by three-dimensional ultrasound. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2005 May; 25(5):464-7.
  20. Transvaginal ultrasound detection of septated and non-septated Cystic Hygroma in early pregnancy. Fetal Diagn Ther 1997;12:132-5.
  21. Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of nasal bone abnormalities in three fetuses with Down sindrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002;186:139-41.
  22. Comparison of two-dimensional and three-dimensional sonography in evaluating fetal malformations. J Clin Ultrasound. 2002 Nov-Dec; 30(9):515-25.
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