Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Transvaginal Assessment of the Cervix

Zorancho Petanovski, Emilija Petanovska Kostova

Keywords : Cervical length, Color Doppler sonography, Funneling, Preterm labor, Preterm premature rupture of the fetal membranes, Sludge, Transvaginal ultrasonography

Citation Information : Petanovski Z, Kostova EP. Transvaginal Assessment of the Cervix. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2023; 17 (4):309-316.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-2003

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 28-12-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Cervix is an important part of the uterus in obstetrics because that anatomical part withstands the pressure of the pregnant uterus until the moment of childbirth. Many mechanisms play a role in the beginning of labor, and it is fascinating how it is a harmonized mechanism. Unfortunately, under the influence of various factors, it leads to preterm labor (PTL) or preterm premature rupture of the fetal membranes (PPROM). Ultrasound is an ideal tool in detecting the status of the cervix during pregnancy. Vaginal ultrasound has shown better sensitivity and predictability than abdominal ultrasound. Regarding vaginal ultrasonography of the cervix in gynecology, recent studies show the effectiveness of vaginal ultrasound in the detection of cervical pathology. Not only in detection but transvaginal ultrasound (TVU), especially new techniques such as three-dimensional (3D) color Doppler, also helps clinicians in choosing the right therapeutic approach for malignant diseases of the cervix.

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