Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2022 ) > List of Articles

Images in Obstetrics

Recent Advances in 3D/4D Ultrasound in Obstetrics

Toshiyuki Hata, Tomomi Kawahara, Riko Takayoshi, Takahito Miyake

Keywords : 3D/4D ultrasound, HDlive, HDlive Flow, HDlive silhouette, Obstetrics, SlowflowHD, Superb microvascular imaging

Citation Information : Hata T, Kawahara T, Takayoshi R, Miyake T. Recent Advances in 3D/4D Ultrasound in Obstetrics. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2022; 16 (2):95-106.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1927

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 05-07-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

We herein discuss state-of-the-art topics on recent advances in three-dimensional (3D)/four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound in obstetrics. These advances include HDlive, HDlive silhouette, HDlive Flow, superb microvascular imaging (SMI), and SlowflowHD. HDlive produces realistic sculpture images of the fetus and placenta, while HDlive silhouette presents holographic images. HDlive Flow provides spatial 3D reconstructions of normal and abnormal fetal cardiovascular systems and placentas. 3D SMI and 3D SlowflowHD both shows the microvasculature of the fetal organs and the placenta. These techniques allow for novel visualization of normal and abnormal fetuses and placentas and a more detailed understanding of physiological and pathological conditions. 3D/4D ultrasounds have the potential to become important modalities in future clinical practice and research on the fetus and placenta.


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