Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2020 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Metabolomics in Prenatal Medicine: The Sardinian Experience

Giovanni Monni, Federica Murgia, Valentina Corda, Ambra Iuculano, K Joseph Hurt, Luigi Atzori

Keywords : Amniocentesis, Beta-thalassemia, Congenital malformations, Metabolomics, Nuchal translucency, Perinatal medicine, Transabdominal chorionic villus sampling

Citation Information : Monni G, Murgia F, Corda V, Iuculano A, Hurt KJ, Atzori L. Metabolomics in Prenatal Medicine: The Sardinian Experience. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2020; 14 (4):324-326.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1670

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 13-01-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

In recent years, the holistic view is becoming the dominant perspective for the resolution of medical issues. Metabolomic approaches offer new opportunities to enhance our understanding of fetal biology and the multifactorial impact of perinatal diseases. Although metabolomics in maternal-fetal biology is increasing, it is not yet widely applied in perinatal medicine. Our group has been at the forefront of applying these powerful approaches to understanding pregnancy and fetoplacental development. This review shows our experience about metabolomics studies utilizing chorionic villus and amniocentesis samples obtained in our busy prenatal diagnostic center in Cagliari, Sardinia. The findings suggest that metabolomic approach in perinatal medicine could be helpful in establishing placental/fetal maturity, diagnosing aneuploidy, or identifying early placental dysfunction. Although omics approaches and the network analysis in perinatal physiology hold promise for a new generation of prenatal biomarkers and potential therapeutics, further investigation is need to improve our knowledge and our ability to diagnose and treat diseases of pregnancy.


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