Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Register      Login

VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2015 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Systematic Appraisal of Diagnosis and Management of Arrhythmias in the Fetus

Cihat Sen, Orhan Uzun, Gokhan Goynumer, Bryan Beattie

Keywords : Arrhythmia,Ectopy,Fetus,Heart block,Tachycardia,Treatment

Citation Information : Sen C, Uzun O, Goynumer G, Beattie B. Systematic Appraisal of Diagnosis and Management of Arrhythmias in the Fetus. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2015; 9 (3):314-326.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1418

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-09-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; The Author(s).


Abstract

How to cite this article

Uzun O, Goynumer G, Sen C, Beattie B. Systematic Appraisal of Diagnosis and Management of Arrhythmias in the Fetus. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2015;9(3):314-326.


PDF Share
  1. Fetal cardiac arrhythmias: diagnosis and therapy. In: Creasy R, Resnik R, Iams J, editors. Maternal-Fetal Medicine, 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2003. p. 319-324.
  2. Cardiac arrhythmias in the human fetus. Pediatr Cardiol 2004;25(3):234-251.
  3. Fetal arrhythmias. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006;27(6):599-606.
  4. The clinical significance of the irregular fetal heart rhythm. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000;182(4):813-819.
  5. Irregular heart rate in the fetus-not always benign. Cardiol Young 1996;6(1):28-31.
  6. Diagnostic and perinatal management of fetal extrasystole. Pediatr Cardiol 1997;18(5):361-366.
  7. Conduction system disease in fetuses evaluated for irregular cardiac rhythm. Fetal Diagn Ther 2006;21(3):307-313.
  8. Nii M. Fetal brady and tachyarrhythmias: new and accepted diagnostic and treatment methods. Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine 2005;10(6):504-514.
  9. Doppler echocardiography in the diagnosis and management of persistent fetal arrhythmias. J Am Coll Cardiol 1986;7(6):1386-1391.
  10. Fetal bradycardia: a practical approach. Fetal Matern Med Rev 2007;18(3):225-255.
  11. Fetal sinus bradycardia and the long QT syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001;185(3):743-747.
  12. Long QT syndrome: associated mutations in intrauterine fetal death. JAMA 2013;309(14):1473-1482.
  13. Outcome of heart block diagnosed during fetal and postnatal life. Cardiology in the Young 2012;22(S3):176.
  14. Atrioventricular block detected in fetal life: associated anomalies and potential prognostic markers. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2005;26(1): 4-15.
  15. Transplacental fetal treatment improves the outcome of prenatally diagnosed complete atrioventricular block without structural heart disease. Circulation 2004;110 (12):1542-1548.
  16. The importance of the level of maternal anti-Ro/SSA antibodies as a prognostic marker of the development of cardiac neonatal lupus erythematosus a prospective study of 186 antibody-exposed fetuses and infants. J Am Coll Cardiol 2010;55 (24):2778-2784.
  17. The efficacy of flecainide versus digoxin in the management of fetal supraventricular tachycardia. Prenat Diagn 1995;15(13):1297-1302.
  18. Sotalol in the treatment of fetal dysrhythmias. Circulation 2000;101(23): 2721-2726.
  19. Comparison of transplacental treatment of fetal supraventricular tachyarrhythmias with digoxin, flecainide, and sotalol: results of a nonrandomized multicentre study. Circulation 2011;124(16):1747-1754.
  20. Flecainide in the intrauterine treatment of fetal supraventricular tachycardia. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2002;19(2):158-164.
  21. Comparison of transplacental treatment of fetal supraventricular tachyarrhythmias with digoxin, flecainide, and sotalol: results of a nonrandomized multicenter study. Circulation 2012;125(20):e956.
  22. Perinatal management and long-term cardiac outcome in fetal arrhythmia. Early Hum Dev 2011;87(2):83-87.
  23. Rapid control of foetal supraventricular tachycardia with digoxin and flecainide combination treatment. Cardiol Young 2012; 22(4):372-380.
  24. Maternal serum antiarrhythmic drug levels do not predict fetal supraventricular tachycardia response time. Cardiology in the Young 2013;23(S1):57.
  25. Ten year review of outcome of fetal arrhythmias in Wales. AEPC 2012, Istanbul. Cardiology in the Young 2012;22(S1):176.
  26. Outcome of intermittent tachyarrhythmias in the fetus. Pediatr Cardiol 1997;18(2):78-82.
  27. Amiodarone therapy for drug-refractory fetal tachycardia. Circulation 2004;109(3):375-379.
  28. Neurological outcome of children who were treated for fetal tachycardia complicated by hydrops. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004;24(2):154-158.
  29. American Heart Association Adults with Congenital Heart Disease Joint Committee of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young and Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing. Diagnosis and treatment of fetal cardiac disease: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2014;129(21):2183-2242.
  30. Mortality and morbidity in patients receiving encainide, flecainide, or placebo. The cardiac arrhythmia suppression trial. N Engl J Med 1991;324(12):779-788.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.