Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Register      Login

VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2013 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Ultrasonography and Birth Defects

JP Rao, Sakshi Tomar, Rishabh Bora, Neharika Malhotra Bora

Keywords : Birth defects,Ultrasonography,Trisomy,Genetic defects,Prenatal scan,Screening

Citation Information : Rao J, Tomar S, Bora R, Bora NM. Ultrasonography and Birth Defects. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2013; 7 (2):149-159.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1279

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; The Author(s).


Abstract

How to cite this article

Malhotra N, Malhotra J, Tomar S, Malhotra Bora N, Rao JP, Bora R, Malhotra K. Ultrasonography and Birth Defects. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2013;7(2):149-159.


PDF Share
  1. Birth defects and drugs in pregnancy. Littleton MA: PSG Publishing 1977:410-11.
  2. The prenatal detection of congenital malformations by ultrasonography. Mayo Clin Proc. 1983;58(12):805-26.
  3. Ultrasound of fetal syndromes. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingston 1998:328.
  4. Ultrasonography in Obstet and Gynecol (4th ed). Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders 2000:38-67.
  5. First trimester fetal nuchal translucency. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 1995;7(2):95-102.
  6. First trimester growth patterns of aneuploid fetuses. Prenat Diag 1997;17(2):155-59.
  7. Fetal heart rate in trisomy 21 and other chromosomal abnormalities at 10 to 14 weeks of gestation. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1996;7(4): 239-44.
  8. Prenatal sonographic findings in 187 fetuses with Down's syndrome. Prenat Diag 1997;17(11):1001-09.
  9. Fetal pyelectasis: A possible association with Down syndrome. Obstet Gynecol 1992;79(5 Pt 1):770-72.
  10. Fetal hyperechogenic bowel and Down's syndrome. Ultrasound Obstet and Gynecol 1993;3:330-33.
  11. Left ventricular echogenic focus in the fetal heart: Pathologic correlation. J Ultrasound Med 1994;13(8):613-16.
  12. Smith's recognizable patterns of human malformations (5th ed). Philadelphia: WB Saunders 1997:30.
  13. Trisomy 13 Syndrome: prenatal US findings in a review of 33 cases. Radiology 1995;194(1):217-22.
  14. Placental changes in fetal triploidy syndrome. J Ultrasound Med 1986;5:545-50.
  15. Long term survival in a 69 XXY triploid male. Am J Med Genet 1986;25(2):307-12.
  16. Growth of linear parameters in trisomy 18 fetuses. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1990; 163(1 Pt 1):158-61.
  17. Ultrasound markers for fetal chromosomal defects. New York, NY: Parthenon Publishing Group 1996:63-120.
  18. The performance of routine ultrasonographic screening of pregnancies in the Eurofetus study. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1999;181(2):446-54.
  19. Cost effectiveness of antenatal screening for fetal malformation by ultrasound: An evaluation of antenatal mass screening by ultrasound for the diagnosis of birth defects (1990-1993). Report to the European Commission, European Union, contract MR4*-0225-B;1995.
  20. Psychological aspects of screening. In: Kurjak S (Ed). Textbook of perinatal medicine. London, England: Parthenon Publishing 1998:717-29.
  21. Screening for congenital malformations by ultrasound. In: Kurjak S (Ed). Textbook of perinatal medicine. London, England: Parthenon Publishing 1998:587-609.
  22. Why (not) do obstetric ultrasound? An observation on uncertainty. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1996;8(1):1-2.
  23. Costeffectiveness of one-stage ultrasound screening in pregnancy: A report from the Helsinki ultrasound Trial. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1996;7(5):309-14.
  24. A comparative study of prenatal diagnosis and perinatal autopsy. J Ultrasound Med 1994;13(6):451-56.
  25. Is ultrasound unsound? A review of epidemiological studies of human exposure to ultrasound. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1995;6(4):293-98.
  26. Antenatal detection of congenital malformations by routine ultrasonography. Obstet Gynecol 1989;73(6):947-51.
  27. Fetal nuchal translucency: Ultrasound screening for chromosomal defects in 1st trimester of pregnancy. BMJ. 1992;304(6831):867-69.
  28. A screening program for trisomy 21 at 10 to 14 weeks using fetal nuchal translucency, maternal serum free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin and pregnancy associated plasma protein-A. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1999;13(4):231-37.
  29. Eurofetus: An evaluation of routine ultrasound screening for the detection of fetal defects: Aims and method. In: Chervenak F, Levi S (Eds). Ann NY Acad Sci 1998;847:103-17.
  30. What counts as success in genetic counseling. J Med Ethics 1993;19(1):47-49.
  31. Advances in fetal surgery. Surgery Annual 1994;26:193-226.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.