Citation Information :
Iliescu D, Antsaklis A, Antsaklis P, Paulescu D, Comanescu A, Tudorache S, Ceausu I, Novac L, Cernea N. Applications of Ultrasound in Prelabor and Labor. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012; 6 (3):257-269.
Iliescu D, Antsaklis P, Paulescu D, Comanescu A, Tudorache S, Antsaklis A, Ceausu I, Novac L, Cernea N, Kurjak A. Applications of Ultrasound in Prelabor and Labor. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(3):257-269.
Interobserver agreement in intrapartum estimation of fetal head station. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2008;101:285-89.
Birth simulator: Reliability of transvaginal assessment of fetal head station as defined by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists classification. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005;192:868-74.
Reassessing the labor curve in nulliparous women. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2002;187(4):824-28.
Monitoring of the effacement of the uterine cervix by transperineal ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med 1995;14: 719-24.
Sonographic assessment of the cervix before, during and after a uterine contraction is effective in predicting the course of labor. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003;22:604-08.
Labor and delivery. In: Gabbe SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL (Eds). Obstetrics: Normal and problem pregnancies (3rd ed). New York: Churchill Livingstone; 2003.
Normal labor and delivery. In: Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, Hauth JC, Gilstrap LC III, Wenstrom KD (Eds). Williams obstetrics (22nd ed). New York: McGraw-Hill; 2005:409-41. Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, Hauth JC, Rouse DJ, Spong CY. Williams obstetrics. 23st ed. New York : Mc Graw Hill; 2010.
Dystocia in late labor: Determining fetal position by clinical and ultrasonic measures. Am J Perinatol 1989;6:316-19.
Determination of fetal occiput position by ultrasound during the second stage of labor. J Matern Fetal Med 2001;10:283-86.
Intrapartum fetal head position I: Comparison between transvaginal digital examination and transabdominal ultrasound assessment during the active stage of labor. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2002;19:258-63.
Intrapartum fetal head position II: Comparison between transvaginal digital examination and transabdominal ultrasound assessment during the second stage of labor. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2002;19:264-68.
Intrapartum sonography to determine fetal head position. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2002;12:172-77.
Intrapartum ultrasound for the examination of the fetal head position in normal and obstructed labor. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2003;13:59-63.
Vaginal versus ultrasound examination of fetal occiput position during the second stage of labor. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004;191:521-24.
Fetal head position during the second stage of labor: Comparison of digital vaginal examination and transabdominal ultrasonographic examination. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2005 Dec 1;123(2):193-7. Epub 2005 May 31.
Comparison of transvaginal digital examination with intrapartum sonography to determine fetal head position before instrumental delivery. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003;21:437-40.
Transabdominal ultrasound assessment of the fetal head and the accuracy of vacuum cup application. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2007;98:120-23.
Influence of occiput posterior position on the fetal heart rate pattern. Obstet Gynecol 1980;55:301-04.
Vaginal delivery from the persistent occiput posterior position. Influence on maternal and neonatal morbidity. J Reprod Med 1993;38: 955-61.
Occipital posterior and occipital transverse positions: Reappraisal of the obstetric risks. Aust NZ. J Obstet Gynaecol 2000;40:275-79.
Influence of persistent occiput posterior position on delivery outcome. Obstet Gynecol 2001;98:1027-31.
The fetal occiput posterior position: State of the science and a new perspective. Birth 2010 Mar;37(1):61-71.
Aggressive or expectant management of labour: A randomised clinical trial. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2003;110: 457-61.
Intrapartum sonography and persistent occiput posterior position: A study of 408 deliveries. Obstet Gynecol 1998;91:746-49.
Investigation of occiput posterior delivery by intrapartum sonography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004;24:425-28.
Changes in fetal position during labor and their association with epidural anesthesia. Obstet Gynecol 2005;105:974-82.
Intrapartum assessment of fetal head engagement: Comparison between transvaginal digital and transabdominal ultrasound determinations. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003;21:430-36.
A comparison of abdominal and vaginal examinations for the diagnosis of engagement of the fetal head. Aust NZ J Obstet Gynacol 1993;33:154-58.
Tutschek. Intrapartum translabial ultrasound (ITU): Sonographic landmarks and correlation with successful vacuum extraction. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006;28:753-60.
What is the most reliable ultrasound parameter for assessment of fetal head descent? Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2010;36: 493-99.
Ultrasound in labor and delivery. Fetal Diagn Ther 2010;27:61-67.
Diagnosis of station and rotation of the fetal head in the second stage of labor with intrapartum translabial ultrasound. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2009;33:331-36.
A new method to assess fetal head decent in labor with transperineal ultrasound. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2009;33:313-19.
Transperineal ultrasound imaging in prolonged second stage of labor with occipitoanterior presenting fetuses: How well does the ‘angle of progression’ predict the mode of delivery? Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2009;33:326-30.
Anatomic relationship between the pubic symphysis and ischial spines and its clinical significance in the assessment of fetal head engagement and station during labor. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2009;33:320-25.
Visualization of the fetal fontanels and skull sutures by three-dimensional translabial ultrasound during the second stage of labor. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2008;31(4):484-86.
Measurement of fetal head descent using the ‘angle of progression’ on transperineal ultrasound imaging is reliable regardless of fetal head station or ultrasound expertise. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2010;35:216-22.
Utilization of real-time ultrasound on labor and delivery in an active academic teaching hospital. Am J Perinatol 1999;16: 303-07.