Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2012 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Ultrasound Assessment of Fetal Neurobehavior in High-risk Pregnancies

Daniela Lebit, Simona Constantinescu

Keywords : Fetal behavior,KANET score,High-risk pregnancy,Ultrasound 4D

Citation Information : Lebit D, Constantinescu S. Ultrasound Assessment of Fetal Neurobehavior in High-risk Pregnancies. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012; 6 (2):132-147.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1235

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objectives

Assessment of the fetal behavior in normal and high-risk pregnancy during second and third trimesters.

Materials and methods

The study group included 61 healthy pregnant women and 135 pregnant women with high-risk pregnancy between 24 and 38 weeks of gestation for a period of 3 years (January 2009-May 2011). After 4D ultrasound examination we applied antenatal neurological score KANET 1. Score is considered normal between 14 and 20, borderline between 6 and 13 and abnormal between 0 and 5.

Results

The Kurjak antenatal neurological test (KANET) scores have significant differences, when applied on the two groups of pregnant women. Most fetuses who obtained normal KANET score were found in normal pregnancies, those who obtained borderline score were fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) with increased resistance index (RI) of middle cerebral artery (ACM) and the most fetuses with abnormal KANET score came from pregnancies complicated by threatened preterm delivery with PPROM.

Conclusion

Dynamic evaluation of fetal behavior reflects directly the processes of maturation and development of the central nervous system. This can make the difference between normal and abnormal brain development and may be used for early diagnosis of neurological disorders that become manifest in perinatal and postnatal periods.

How to cite this article

Vladareanu R, Lebit D, Constantinescu S. Ultrasound Assessment of Fetal Neurobehavior in High-risk Pregnancies. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012;6(2):132-147.


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