Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Register      Login

VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2011 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Doppler Velocimetry in the Human Fetus

Shoji Satoh

Keywords : Doppler velocimetry,Human fetus,Flow velocity waveforms,Arterial flow,Venous flow,Antenatal testing

Citation Information : Satoh S. Doppler Velocimetry in the Human Fetus. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2011; 5 (1):17-21.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1172

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-03-2011

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2011; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Doppler velocimetry has recently become an informative procedure for the real-time and noninvasive evaluation in fetal hemodynamics. The analysis of flow velocity waveforms in various kinds of vessels has been made for not only clarifying fetal physiology and pathophysiology of various disorders but also for determining the most appropriate intervention from the viewpoint of the integrated management protocol. The unique change in both the arterial and venous flow in normal and compromised fetuses has been demonstrated. Clinical applications of the Doppler technique in monitoring the fetus are reviewed.


PDF Share
  1. Ultrasonic measurement of human fetal blood flow. J Biomed Engng 1982;4:28-36.
  2. Pulsed Doppler with B-mode imaging for quantitative blood flow measurement. Ultrasound Med Biol 1979;5:223-35.
  3. Ultrasonic measurements of umbilical blood flow in normal and complicated pregnancies. J Perinat Med 1982;10:3-16.
  4. Ultrasonic assessment of cardiovascular geometry and function in the human fetus. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1981;88:870-75.
  5. Doppler velocimetry in the umbilical and middle cerebral arteries in fetuses with intrauterine growth retardation or fetal distress. Fukuoka Acta Med 1998;89:133-44.
  6. Ranged-gated pulsed Doppler of the umbilical artery in human fetuses during normal pregnancies. Am J Perinat 1991;8:269-72.
  7. Changes in vascular resistance in the umbilical and middle cerebral arteries in the human intrauterine growth-restricted fetus, measured with pulsed Doppler ultrasound. Early Hum Dev 1989;20:213-20.
  8. Effect of gestational age on fetal and intervillous blood gas and acid-base values in human pregnancy. Fetal Ther 1986;1:168-75.
  9. Cerebral and umbilical arterial blood flow velocity waveform in normal and growth restricted pregnancies. Obstet Gynecol 1987;69: 705-09.
  10. Fetal blood flow velocity waveforms as predictors of growth retardation. Obstet Gynecol 1987;70:7-10.
  11. Umbilical artery velocity waveforms: Poor association with small-for-gestational-age babies. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1989;96:692-96.
  12. Umbilical and uteroplacental blood flow velocity waveforms in pregnancies with fetal growth retardation. Eur J Obstet Gynaecol 1988;27:187-96.
  13. The “brainsparing” effect: Antenatal cerebral Doppler findings in relation to neurologic outcome in very preterm infants. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993;169:169-75.
  14. Cerebral artery flow velocity waveforms in normal and small-for-gestational-age fetuses. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1992;166:1262-70.
  15. Assessment of fetal compromise by Doppler ultrasound of the fetal circulation. Circulation 1995;91:129-38.
  16. Reverse end-diastolic flow velocity on umbilical artery velocimetry in high-risk pregnancies: An ominous finding with adverse pregnancy outcome. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1988;159:559-61.
  17. The clinical implications of absent or reversed end-diastolic frequencies in umbilical artery flow velocity waveforms. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 1990;37:15-23.
  18. Condition at birth of infants with previously absent or reverse umbilical artery end-diastolic flow velocities. Arch Gynecol Obstet 1992;252:37-43.
  19. Absent or reversed enddiastolic flow in umbilical artery and severe intrauterine growth retardation. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1993;72:167-71.
  20. Clinical management of the fetus with markedly diminished umbilical artery end-diastolic flow. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1989;161:1523-27.
  21. Venous Doppler ultrasonography in the fetus with non-immune hydrops. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1991;164:33-37.
  22. Association of umbilical venous with inferior vena cava blood flow velocities. Obstet Gynecol 1991;77:551-57.
  23. Doppler assessment of the fetal venous system. Semin Perinatol 2001;25:21-31.
  24. Evaluation of the preload condition of the fetus by inferior vena caval blood flow pattern. Fetal Diagn Ther 1990;5:168-74.
  25. Inferior vena cava flow velocity waveforms in appropriate-and small-for-getational-age fetuses. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1992;166:1271-80.
  26. Cardiotocogram compared to Doppler investigation of the fetal circulation in the premature growthretarded fetus: Longitudinal observations. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1997;9:152-61.
  27. Right ventricular function in the human fetus. J Perinat Med 2001;29:381-89.
  28. The development of abnormal heart rate patterns after absent end-diastolic velocity in umbilical artery: Analysis of risk factors. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993;168:43-46.
  29. Randomized controlled trial of Doppler ultrasound screening of placental perfusion during pregnancy. Lancet 1992;340:1299-303.
  30. Fetal umbilical artery velocity waveforms and subsequent neonatal outcome. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1991;98:378-84.
  31. Association of umbilical venous with inferior vena cava blood flow velocities. Obstet Gynecol 1991;77:551-57.
  32. Inferior vena cava flow velocity waveforms in appropriate and small for gestational age fetuses. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1992;166:1271-80.
  33. Antenatal assessment of the growth restricted fetus. Current Opinion in Obstet Gynecol 2001;13:1361-68.
  34. Doppler vascular changes in intrauterine growth restriction. Semin Perinat 2008;32:182-89.
  35. Integrated testing and management in fetal growth restriction. Semin Perinat 2008; 32: 194-200.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.