Recent advances of ultrasound technology including 3D/4D sonography have revealed embryonal/fetal morphology, intrauterine vascularity and fetal behavior from early gestation. Modern ‘sonoembryology’ allows the definition of in vivo anatomy including visualization of dynamic features, which cannot be characterized in fixed specimens after embryonic death in embryology. Furthermore, recent highresolutional ultrasound technologies have remarkably approached accurate prenatal diagnoses with vivid and distinct sonographic depiction. Nowadays, the antenatal diagnosis is no longer ‘maybe’ nor ambiguous, owing to progressive 3D/4D ultrasound which have contributed to the field of embryology, fetal physiology and pathology.
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