Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Register      Login

VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2008 ) > List of Articles


Three-dimensional Ultrasound for Assessing Uterine Pathology

Juan Luis Alcázar

Keywords : Three-dimensional ultrasound,uterus

Citation Information : Alcázar JL. Three-dimensional Ultrasound for Assessing Uterine Pathology. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2008; 2 (4):6-9.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1072

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2009

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2008; The Author(s).


Two-dimensional ultrasound is commonly used for assessing uterine pathology. Three-dimensional ultrasound is a new imaging modality, which is being introduced into clinical practice. The aim of this paper is addressing the current status of three-dimensional ultrasound in the assessment of uterine pathology.

PDF Share
  1. Congenital malformations of the uterus: the role of ultrasound. Semin Reprod Med 2008;26:223-31.
  2. Diagnosis, imaging and anatomical classification of uterine fibroids. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2008;22:627-42.
  3. Transvaginal ultrasound or MRI for diagnosis of adenomyosis. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2007;19:505-12.
  4. Transvaginal ultrasonographic measurement of endometrial thickness: An intra-observer and interobserver reproducibility study. Radiography 2001;7:101-04.
  5. Endovaginal ultrasound to exclude endometrial cancer and other endometrial abnormalities JAMA 1998;280:1510-17.
  6. Ultrasonographic endometrial thickness for diagnosing endometrial pathology in women with postmenopausal bleeding: A meta-analysis. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2002;81:799-816.
  7. Limitations of transvaginal sonography and color Doppler imaging in the differentiation of endometrial carcinoma from benign lesions. J Ultrasound Med 1994;13:623-28.
  8. Transvaginal color and pulsed Doppler sonography of the endometrium: A possible role in reducing the number of dilatation and curettage procedures. J Ultrasound Med 1995;14:139-45.
  9. Endometrial blood flow analysis in postmenopausal women: Can it help differentiate benign from malignant causes of endometrial thickening? Radiology 1995;195:661-65.
  10. Endometrial blood flow mapping using transvaginal power Doppler sonography in women with postmenopausal bleeding and thickened endometrium. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003;21:583-88.
  11. Reproducibility of endometrial vascular patterns in endometrial disease as assessed by transvaginal power Doppler sonography in women with postmenopausal bleeding. J Ultrasound Med 2006;25:159-63.
  12. Three-dimensional ultrasound in Gynecology: Current status and future perspectives. Curr Women's Health Rev 2005;1:1-14.
  13. The reproducibility of endometrial volume acquisition and measurement with the VOCAL-imaging program. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2002;19:69-75.
  14. The reliability of virtual organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL) for the semiquantification of ovarian, endometrial and subendometrial perfusion. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003;22:633-39.
  15. Endometrial volume and vascularity measurements by transvaginal 3-dimensional ultrasonography and power Doppler angiography in stimulated and tumoral endometria: An interobserver reproducibility study. J Ultrasound Med. J Ultrasound Med 2005;24:1091-98.
  16. Endometrial volume and vascularity measurements by transvaginal three-dimensional ultrasonography and power Doppler angiography in stimulated and tumoral endometria: Intraobserver reproducibility. Gynecol Oncol. Gynecol Oncol 2006;100:544-50.
  17. Can ultrasound be used to screen uterine malformations? Fertil Steril 1987;47:89-93.
  18. Comparison of real-time ultrasonography, hysterosalpingography, and laparoscopy/hysteroscopy in the evaluation of uterine abnormalities and tubal patency. Fertil Steril 1986;46:828-32.
  19. Three-dimensional ultrasound for the assessment of uterine anatomy and detection of congenital anomalies: A comparison with hysterosalpingography and two-dimensional sonography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1995;5:233-37.
  20. Congenital Mullerian anomalies: Diagnostic accuracy of three-dimensional ultrasound. Fertil Steril 1996;65:523-28.
  21. Detection of congenital mullerian duct anomalies using three-dimensional ultrasound. J Clin Ultrasound 1997;25:487-92.
  22. Reproducibility of three-dimensional ultrasound diagnosis of congenital uterine anomalies. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003;21:578-82.
  23. Reproductive outcomes in women with congenital uterine anomalies detected by three-dimensional ultrasound screening. Obstet Gynecol 2001;98:1099-103.
  24. Screening for uterine abnormalities by three-dimensional ultrasound improves perinatal outcome. J Perinat Med 2002;30:9-17.
  25. Three-dimensional saline contrast hysterosonography and surface rendering of uterine cavity pathology. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1996;8:277-82.
  26. The endometrium and the role of three-dimensional sonohysterography. Ultrasound Rev Obstet Gynecol 2001;1: 72-84.
  27. Three-dimensional multiplanar sonohysterography: Comparison with conventional two-dimensional sonohysterography and X-ray hysterosalpingography. J Ultrasound Med 2001;20: 295-306.
  28. A prospective study to evaluate the efficacy of two-and three-dimensional sonohysterography in women with intrauterine lesions. Fertil Steril 2003;79:1222-25.
  29. The clinical value of 3-dimensional saline infusion sonography in addition to 2-dimensional saline infusion sonography in women with abnormal uterine bleeding. J Ultrasound Med 2004; 23:1433-40.
  30. Sonohysterography: Do 3D reconstructed images provide additional value? AJR Am J Roentgenol 2008;190:227-33.
  31. A comparative study of three-dimensional saline infusion sonohysterography and diagnostic hysteroscopy for the classification of submucous fibroids. Hum Reprod 2005;20: 253-57.
  32. Reproducibility of the measurement of submucous fibroid protrusion into the uterine cavity using three-dimensional saline contrast sonohysterography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006;28:837-41.
  33. Sonohysterography in the preoperative grading of submucous myomas: Considerations on three-dimensional methodology. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2007;29:717-18.
  34. Threedimensional color Doppler sonography and uterine artery arteriography of fibroids: Assessment of changes in vascularity before and after embolization. J Ultrasound Med. 2002;21: 129-33.
  35. The diagnostic value of endometrial thickness and volume measurements by three-dimensional ultrasound in patients with postmenopausal bleeding. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1996;8:272-76.
  36. Three-dimensional hysterosonography for the study of endometrial tumors: Comparison with conventional transvaginal sonography, hysterosalpingography, and hysteroscopy. Gynecol Oncol 1997;65:245-52.
  37. Threedimensional transvaginal ultrasound provides clearer delineation of myometrial invasion in a patient with endometrial cancer and uterine leiomyoma. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003;22: 434-36.
  38. Preoperative evaluation of pelvic tumors by Doppler and three-dimensional sonography. J Ultrasound Med. 2001;20:829-40.
  39. Endometrial volume as predictor of malignancy in women with postmenopausal bleeding. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2007;99:206-10.
  40. Three-dimensional endometrial volume and 3-dimensional power Doppler analysis in predicting endometrial carcinoma and hyperplasia. Gynecol Oncol 2007;106:348-53.
  41. Clinical usefulness of 3-dimensional sonography and power Doppler angiography for diagnosis of endometrial carcinoma. J Ultrasound Med 2007;26:1279-87.
  42. Uterine carcinosarcoma arising from an endometrial polyp: Assessment by 3-dimensional power Doppler angiography and positron emission tomography/ computed tomography. J Ultrasound Med. 2006;25:675-78.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.