Transvaginal sonography has been shown to be an accurate technique for discriminating between benign and malignant adnexal masses. Accurate preoperative differential diagnosis of adnexal masses is essential for optimizing patients’ treatment. The advancement and wider availability of therapies of assisted conception have occurred to a large extent as a result of developments in ultrasonography. Transvaginal color Doppler has opened up exciting new possibilities for the better understanding of the physiology and pathophysiology of ovarian blood flow, resulting in a number of completely new diagnostic parameters.
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