Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Three-dimensional Sonography in the Evaluation of Normal and Abnormal Fetal Face

Asim Kurjak, Guillermo Azumendi Pérez

Keywords : Identification of anomalies, Normal and abnormal fetal face, Three-dimensional fetal face reconstruction, Three-dimensional sonography

Citation Information : Kurjak A, Pérez GA. Three-dimensional Sonography in the Evaluation of Normal and Abnormal Fetal Face. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2024; 18 (2):129-159.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-2026

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 21-06-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound offers the possibility of studying the fetal face in a more global way than conventional two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. In normal cases, the images obtained help to transmit a feeling of calmness to the parents and reinforce the affective bonds with their child. In pathological cases, 3D ultrasound can help parents and other doctors involved to take a more realistic view of the problem. It is expected that the use of this technology will provide parents with the knowledge to have a better judgment while taking decisions.

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