Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Music and Ultrasound: Origins of Our Emotional Connection to Music

Helena Dukić

Keywords : Cognitive abilities, Emotional response to music, Fetus, Music

Citation Information : Dukić H. Music and Ultrasound: Origins of Our Emotional Connection to Music. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2024; 18 (1):34-44.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-2004

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 28-03-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Initially, this article will present the most relevant and up-to-date research that explores the influence of music on fetal development. Our investigation will commence with an analysis of studies examining the progression of fetal responses at different stages of gestation. Following that, we will scrutinize research pertaining to how fetuses react to music, both when it is played to them via their mothers and when it is presented directly to them. Lastly, we will consider studies that focus on fetal memory in the context of music. The second part of the article will focus on the reasons behind music's profound effects on fetuses. Why does music influence a fetus in numerous ways? What is the purpose of children being born with a developed predisposition for emotional responses to music? Several psychological and musicological theories provide various interpretations regarding the genesis of our connection with music, namely Parncutt and Chuckrow's theory of prenatal origin of music and Narmour's implication and realization model. This article will delve into these, aiming to connect them with the medical discoveries and results presented in the first part of the text.

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