Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Register      Login

VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2020 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Maternal Mortality: What are Women Dying from?

Aris Antsaklis

Keywords : Delivery, Maternal mortality, Pregnancy

Citation Information : Antsaklis A. Maternal Mortality: What are Women Dying from?. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2020; 14 (1):64-69.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1626

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-03-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Abstract

World Health Organization defines maternal death as the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days after delivery, irrespective of the duration and the location of pregnancy, and irrespective of the cause, as long as it is related to or aggravated by pregnancy or pregnancy\'s management, but not from accidental or incidental causes during pregnancy.1,2 Specifically for the year 2017, worldwide, every day, approximately 810 women died from possibly preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. It is very important to highlight that of all maternal deaths, 94% occur in low- and lower middle-income countries, something that reveals the disparities of the quality of healthcare services that are provided in the different areas of the world. Another tragedy is that women are dying from preventable and treatable disorders such as hemorrhage, hypertensive disorders, sepsis, and abortions which still in some areas of the world are performed under very unsafe conditions. Because of these unacceptable reasons and percentages of maternal mortality, it was decided that actions must be taken to optimize world\'s future health, and the Sustainable Development Goals were decided by countries from all-around the world. These are 17 goals to be achieved by 2030 to decrease maternal mortality and improve the healthcare quality provided to these women. In this article, we will present the global, European and Greek trends about maternal mortality in line with the major causes that are responsible for maternal mortality. Additionally, the reasons why women mainly in low-income countries do not have timely and appropriate healthcare will also be discussed.


HTML PDF Share
  1. Trends in maternal mortality: 2000 to 2017: estimates by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019.
  2. International Classification of Diseases (ICD). International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004.
  3. Maternal mortality in 2000. Maternal Mortality Estimates developed by WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004.
  4. United Nations. United Nations Millennium Development Goals. 2013. http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/maternal.shtml, accessed Feb 28, 2014.
  5. Say L, Chou D, Gemmill A, et al. Global causes of maternal death: a WHO systematic analysis. Lancet Glob Health 2014;2(6):e323–e333. DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(14)70227-X.
  6. Khan KS, Wojdyla D, Say L, et al. WHO analysis of causes of maternal death: a systematic review. Lancet 2006;367(9516):1066–1074. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(06)68397-9.
  7. World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund. WHO/UNICEF joint database on SDG 3.1.2 Skilled Attendance at Birth. Available at: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/indicators/database/.
  8. Strategies towards ending preventable maternal mortality (EPMM). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2015.
  9. www.aps.who/gho/data/node.main.MATMORT.
  10. Euro-Peristat Project. European Perinatal Health Report. Core indicators of the health and care of pregnant women and babies in Europe in 2015. November 2018. Available: www.europeristat. com.
  11. Michas G, Varytimiadi A, Chasiotis I, et al. Maternal and child mortality in Greece. Lancet Glob Health 2014;383(9918):691–692. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60251-8.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.