Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2020 ) > List of Articles


Fetal Massive Pericardial Effusion as a Sign of Bilateral Diaphragmatic Agenesis: A Case Report

S Adelita Híjar, P Susy Ruiz, Saul Levy-Blitchtein

Keywords : Diaphragmatic, Fetal diaphragm agenesis, Fetal massive pericardial effusion, Fetal medicine, Fetal pericardial effusion, High risk pregnancies, Maternal fetal medicine, Perinatal outcome, Prenatal diagnosis, Ultrasonography

Citation Information : Híjar SA, Ruiz PS, Levy-Blitchtein S. Fetal Massive Pericardial Effusion as a Sign of Bilateral Diaphragmatic Agenesis: A Case Report. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2020; 14 (1):11-13.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1622

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is an unusual fetal malformation that requires early diagnosis and treatment. Commonly, presentations are in the left side (85%), followed by right (13%) and only very few (2%) bilateral. The last one is a severe condition associated with high mortality rates, and very rarely these cases survive for surgical treatment. We describe the case of a 34-week male fetus with pericardial effusion in transabdominal ultrasound. Pericardiocentesis was performed, and the presence of liver was noticed at the thoracic cavity, confirming a diaphragmatic hernia. The newborn presented acute respiratory distress and died 1 hour after birth. Necropsy revealed complete diaphragmatic agenesis, pulmonary hypoplasia, and incomplete intestinal malrotation. Survival of these patients depends on cardiopulmonary function. Bilateral agenesis of the diaphragm associated with incomplete intestinal malrotation is a rare entity, and its significance requires further research.

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