Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Effectiveness of Ultrasound Simulation in Obstetrics and Gynecology Education: A State-of-the-Art Review

Zuber D Mulla, Alok Dwivedi

Keywords : Clinical skills,Gynecology,Obstetrics,Training,Ultrasound education,Ultrasound simulation

Citation Information : Mulla ZD, Dwivedi A. Effectiveness of Ultrasound Simulation in Obstetrics and Gynecology Education: A State-of-the-Art Review. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2017; 11 (2):115-125.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1512

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-06-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.



The benefi ts and uses of ultrasound (US) are well documented for procedural and diagnostic purposes. A number of studies have evaluated the utility of simulation-based US training in achieving competency and improving safety. To the best of our knowledge, no previous studies have attempted to synthesize the effectiveness of US simulation in Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB GYN) education using a systematic method. This review article summarizes the effect of US simulation on learning outcomes in OB GYN with three objectives: (1) To review and summarize the available evidence on the effectiveness of US simulation in OB GYN; (2) determine the validity and usefulness of US simulation in OB GYN training; and (3) describe advantages and disadvantages of various US simulators available in OB GYN as of 2016.

Materials and methods

We performed a literature search using different search engines, such as Medline PubMed and EMBACE using appropriate keywords. The data were extracted from all published eligible studies. A meta-analysis was conducted in order to obtain a pooled estimate of effect of US simulation in OB GYN education based on the availability of data on common outcomes.


The majority of the included studies supported the usefulness or validity of simulation training in OB GYN for the enhancement of US skills. The US simulation signifi cantly improved the skills necessary to measure crown-rump length and nuchal translucency accurately.


Despite the cost, integration of US simulators in medical education appears to have a positive impact on the scanning and interpretation skills of trainees. This study may assist in preparing a dedicated curriculum for OB GYN US education via the inclusion of US simulation.

How to cite this article

Arya S, Dwivedi A, Mulla ZD, Kupesic Plavsic S. Effectiveness of Ultrasound Simulation in Obstetrics and Gynecology Education: A State-of-the-Art Review. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2017;11(2):115-125.

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