Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Register      Login

VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2007 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Postmenopausal Dilemmas: The Role of Ultrasound

R Bryan Murphy, Ivica Zalud

Keywords : Postmenopause,ultrasound,uterine mass,ovarian mass

Citation Information : Murphy RB, Zalud I. Postmenopausal Dilemmas: The Role of Ultrasound. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2007; 1 (4):75-82.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1122

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; The Author(s).


Abstract

Learning objectives

To discuss how ultrasound can help in management of postmenopausal bleeding

To present the role of ultrasound in diagnosing pelvic masses

To understand ultrasound contribution in screening for pelvic malignancies.


PDF Share
  1. Sonographic size of uterus and ovaries in pre-and postmenopausal women. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1996;7: 38-42.
  2. Endometrial thickness and uterine size in postmenopausal women. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2004;84:268-70.
  3. Postmenopausal uterine bleeding. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 1997;24:157.
  4. Endovaginal ultrasound to exclude endometrial cancer and other abnormalities. JAMA 1998;280:1510-7.
  5. Evaluation of the woman with postmenopausal bleeding: Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound-Sponsored Consensus Conference statement. J Ultrasound Med 2001;20:1025-36.
  6. The endometrial echo revisited: have we created a monster? Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004;191:1092-6.
  7. Endometrial disease diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasound and dilatation and curettage. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1999;78:419-22.
  8. Hysteroscopy and menopause: past and future. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2005;17:366-75.
  9. Transvaginal sonography combined with saline contrast sonohysterography in evaluating the uterine cavity in premenopausal patient with abnormal uterine bleeding. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2001;18:54-61.
  10. Transvaginal sonography, saline contrast sonohysterography and hystero-scopy for the investigation of women with postmenopausal bleeding and endometrium > 5 mm. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2001;18:157-62.
  11. The accuracy of endometrial sampling in the diagnosis of patients with endometrial carcinoma and hyperplasia: a meta-analysis. Cancer 2000;89:1765-72.
  12. The PMPO syndrome (postmenopausal palpable ovary syndrome). Obstet Gynecol 1971;38:921-3.
  13. Fluid characteristics of benign ovarian cysts: correlation with recurrence after puncture. Obstet Gynecol 1995;86:529-35.
  14. The malignant potential of small cystic ovarian tumors in women over 50 years of age. Gynecol Oncol 1998;69:3-7.
  15. Natural history of sonographically detected simple unilocular adnexal cysts in asymptomatic postmenopausal women. Gynec Oncol 2004;92:965-9.
  16. Simple cyst in the postmenopausal patient: detection and management. J Ultrasound Med 1998;17:369-72.
  17. Prevalence and histologic diagnosis of adnexal cysts in postmenopausal women: an autopsy study. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005;192:48-54.
  18. Risk of malignancy in unilocular ovarian cystic tumors less than 10 centimeters in diameter. Obstet Gynecol 2003;102:594-9.
  19. Asymptomatic postmenopausal simple ovarian cyst. Obstet Gynecol Survey 2002;57:803-9.
  20. Trans-vaginal ultrasonographic characterization of ovarian masses by means of color flow-directed Doppler measurements and a morphologic scoring system. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993; 168:909.
  21. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005;193:30-5.
  22. Ultrasonic assessment of the peri-and postmenopausal ovary. Maturitas 2002;41:245-54.
  23. Prospective study using the risk of ovarian cancer algorithm to screen for ovarian cancer. J Clinic Onc 2005;23:7919-26.
  24. Screening for ovarian cancer. Clin Obstet Gynecol 2006;49:433-47.
  25. The efficacy of transvaginal sonographic screening in asymptomatic women at risk for ovarian cancer. Gynecol Oncol. The efficacy of transvaginal sonographic screening in asymptomatic women at risk for ovarian cancer. Gynecol Oncol 2000;77:350-6.
  26. Ovarian cancer screening in the prostate, lung, colorectal and ovarian (PLCO) cancer screening trial: findings from the initial screen of a randomized trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005;193:1630-9.
  27. Calculation of the risk of ovarian cancer from serial CA-125 values for preclinical detection in post-menopausal women. J Clin Oncol 2003;21:206-10.
  28. Three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasound improves the diagnostic accuracy for ovarian cancer prediction. Gynecol Oncol 2001;82:40-8.
  29. The detection of stage I ovarian cancer by three-dimensional sonography and power Doppler. Gynecol Oncol 2003;90:258-64.
  30. Tumor angiogenesis assessed by three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasound in early, advanced and metastatic ovarian cancer: a preliminary study. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006;28:325-9.
  31. Does quantitative analysis of three-dimensional power Doppler angiography have a role in the diagnosis of malignant pelvic solid tumors? A preliminary study. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2005;26:67-72.
  32. Recent advances in the sonographic assessment of vascularity and blood flow in gynecologic conditions. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005;193:294-301.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.