Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2007 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Three-dimensional Ultrasound in Infertility

Mona Zvanca

Citation Information : Zvanca M. Three-dimensional Ultrasound in Infertility. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2007; 1 (3):80-87.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1112

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-09-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The present paper, and its graphic back-up, are intended as a visual testimony of the fact that 3D ultrasound is much more than a simple generator of “nice”, commercial, images. Moreover, its use may be extended from obstetrics to gynecological pathology, especially in cases related to infertility.

Material and methods

we performed a review of the main local infertility causes and their perception by the three dimensional ultrasound, as compared to the conventional methods. General literature citations were completed with personal cases and images. In our research we used a Kretz – Voluson Expert 730 ultrasound machine with a full logistic equipment. Our database was completed over a period of 18 months and included various pathology, such as uterine anomalies, fibroids, polyps, ovarian cysts and many others.

Results

Three dimensional ultrasound represents the best tool in evaluating the uterine cavity, the endometrium, assessing its volume and vascularity pattern. It also offers a very good image of the uterine structure, the adnexal morphology and their relationship. It performs a thorough pelvic assessment by a single examination. Moreover, it may realize a histerosalpingography, which is as efficient as the radiological method, but easier and with less side effects.

Conclusions

Even though it is technically more difficult and time consuming, a good practice and a high quality ultrasound equipment offer a series of benefits over any other kind of investigation.


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