Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2007 ) > List of Articles


Fetal Anatomy by 3-4D Ultrasound

G Centini, L Rosignoli, E Faldini, Ga Centini

Citation Information : Centini G, Rosignoli L, Faldini E, Centini G. Fetal Anatomy by 3-4D Ultrasound. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2007; 1 (3):8-16.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1103

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-09-2008

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; The Author(s).


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  1. 3-4 D imaging in reproductive medicine. MERM 4th Annual Meeting Cannes 2005;1-24.
  2. L'uso del 3D senza finalità diagnostiche. XV National Congress SIEOG Brescia, 2006;26-9.
  3. Gravidanza singola. Diagnosi Prenatale. Centini G. Editori F. Petraglia, C. Nappi. Poletto 2006;76-116.
  4. Two-dimensional vs two-plus four-dimensional ultrasound in pregnancy and the effect on maternal emotional status. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2005;25:468-72.
  5. The impact of two-dimensional versus three-dimensional ultrasound exposure on maternal-fetal attachment and maternal health behaviour in pregnancy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006;27:245-51.
  6. Maternal/ paternal antenatal attachment and fourth-dimensional ultrasound technique: a preliminary report. Br J Psychol 2005;96:129-37.
  7. Two-and three-dimensional sonographic assessment of the fetal face. 1. A systematic analysis of the normal face. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004;23(3):224-31.
  8. Two-and three-dimensional sonographic assessment of the fetal face. 2. Analysis of cleft lip, alveolus and palate. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004;24(4):402-11.
  9. Prenatal screening for fetal face and clefting in a prospective study on low-risk population: can 3-and 4 dimensional ultrasound enhance visualization and detection rate? Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontic 2005;100(4),420-6.
  10. Integrating 3D sonography with targeted MRI in the prenatal diagnosis of posterior cleft palate plus cleft lip. Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 2006;22:6,367-72.
  11. Sonographic assessment of normal fetal palate using three-dimensional imaging: a new technique. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2007;29(2):159-65.
  12. Craniofacial variability index in utero: a three-dimensional ultrasound study. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2007;29(3):258-64.
  13. A novel technique for visualization of the normal and cleft fetal secondary palate: angled insonation and three-dimensional ultrasound. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2007;29(2):166-9.
  14. Three-and four-dimensional ultrasonography for the structural and functional evaluation of the fetal face. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2007;196(1):16-28. Epub 2006 Oct 2. Review.
  15. Assessment of the fetal nasal bone at 11-14 weeks of gestation by three-dimensional ultrasound. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004;23(3):232-6.
  16. The role of three-dimensional ultrasound in visualizing the fetal cranial sutures and fontanels during the second half of pregnancy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004;24(4):412-6.
  17. Three-dimensional first-trimester transvaginal diagnosis of alobar holoprosencephaly associated with omphalocele in a 46,XX fetus. Am J Perinatol 2006;23(1):67-9.
  18. Fetal trunk and head volume measured by three-dimensional ultrasound at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation in chromosomally normal pregnancies. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2005;26(3):263-6.
  19. Fetal lung volume: three-dimensional ultrasonography compared with magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2007;[Epub ahead of print].
  20. Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic analysis of congenital heart disease in the fetus: comparison with cross-sectional (2D) fetal echocardiography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2001;17(6):485-92.
  21. 3D and 4D ultrasound in fetal cardiac scanning: a new look at the fetal heart. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2007;29(1):81-95.
  22. [3D and 4D imaging in fetal echocardiography] Rev Med Suisse 2006;25;2(84):2392-4. French.
  23. The Use of 3-4D ultrasound improves the diagnosis of spinal disraphism. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004;24:3(270).
  24. Prenatal sonographic features of hypospadia: two-and three-dimensional findings. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2006;45(1):53-5.
  25. [Contribution of three dimensional imaging techniques in the visualization of the fetal uterus] Gynecol Obstet Fertil 2006;34(11):1071-5. Epub 2006 Oct 17. French.
  26. An erly diagnosis of trisomy 18 by 2-3-4D at 10th week. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Sept 2006;28(4):576.
  27. Structural and functional early human development assessed by three-dimensional and four-dimensional sonography. Fertil Steril 2005;84(5):1285-99.
  28. 2D and 3D Ultrasound in the evaluation of normal and abnormal fetal anatomy in the second and third trimesters in a level III center. Ultraschall Med 2005;26(1):9-16.
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